How to Process your Emotions

Unless you had an exceptional upbringing, processing emotions will not come naturally to you. 

In the West, we grow up valuing thinking, not feeling. And combine that with a family that doesn’t healthily deal with emotions, and the stage is set for our suffering. 

We pay a high price for the intolerance of our most tender parts. As emotions go uninterpreted, they often manifest as a profound restlessness, a non-specific anxiety. We get further and further lost from ourselves, which makes us feel sad about everything.

And because everyone is doing the same thing, the environment we live in is highly judgmental and under compassionate. Privately, this makes us all feel even more isolated and desperate. 

But people are slowly waking up to the truth that our habitual ways of dealing with emotions is problematic. Faced with a lifetime of bad habits, how do we even begin to start to become healthier with our emotions?

This post gives you a simple technique you can use.

4 stages of processing emotions

Processing our emotions involves the key skills of noticing, naming and accepting. Simple sounding names, but they are quite hard to do. 

1. mindfulness 

Mindfulness is the practice of observing our thoughts, emotions and physical sensations, as distinct from being in them. It is the difference between ‘I feel anger right now’ and ‘I am angry’.

The more we practice mindfulness, the more we learn not to identify with our emotions. You’re not ignoring them or squelching them down. You’re intently listening. 

If you aren’t already in the habit of practising mindfulness, do this right away. You can link it up with activities to begin with, that act as your cues to be mindful. For example, you can commit to spending your car or train journeys noticing thoughts, emotions and physical sensations. Eventually, you will find that you are more mindful than not throughout the day.

I wrote about my own mindfulness practice here. 

2. naming

It is hard to process your emotions without recognising them. I have found that a reading habit has helped me enormously with understanding the different types of fear/worry (for example, I can better distinguish between doubt, uncertainty, anxiety and insecurity when I feel them). 

I wrote about how you can develop naming skills here

3. acceptance 

Accepting emotions is what is usually missing from the picture. In the context of processing your emotions, acceptance means ending the struggle against the emotion. Usually, it means letting it be felt in your body. 

What we usually do instead of acceptance is abandon the experience in favour of something distracting. This is what fuels many of our mental addictions and compulsions.  

Acceptance is assisted by being able to take refuge within ourselves. It is a choice we make moment to moment – we will meet this emotion and permit it, or will we make it go away somehow?

Here are some specific acceptance practices you can do for different emotions. 

4. maybe some action 

A final element to processing our emotions might include taking some action.

These are the stages of emotional processing. Over time, the benefits are profound. Our emotions move through us freely and we are generally at peace with ourselves. 

your current way of processing emotions

How you currently process your emotions depends on your nature and nurture. So does the type of emotions you are most uncomfortable about facing.

For example, I have no problem in feeling my anger. But feeling my pain is another story. We all have different combo platters. 

Through mindfulness, we can start to identify our tendencies. We can also use tools such as the Enneagram and the Hidden self theory to discover which emotions are particularly problematic for us. 

Many of us engage in either one or a combination of these:

Resistance/repression – straight forward avoidance. Sadly, this limits our ability to feel pleasure along with pain. It puts a strain on all personal relationships. It might even help to create chronic health issues. 

Rumination – The emotions are being felt/experienced, but our monkey mind takes over and attempts to think them out. This is the essence of what it means to struggle against emotions. 

Attachment/addiction to your emotions – We are subconsciously addicted to feeling stuck and we seek out experiences that keep us there. As with the other tendencies, at its root it is a lack of awareness issue.

Projection of emotions – Certain emotions go unacknowledged within us, and instead we remark on them in others (projection). Or we might become consumed by an inauthentic emotion, that conceals the more authentic one that we need to deal with. For example, we might feel insecure instead of feeling uncertainty, which is actually a lot more terrifying. 

Volcanic emotions – Acting on emotions despite destructive consequences. 

9 step process for processing emotions 

The below process, adapted from The Wisdom of the Enneagram, is a more structured form of the practices I talked about above. Try it when you are next feeling flooded by an emotion. 

1. ‘see it’

With the support of presence (awareness/mindfulness) we are able to see that we have identified with a feeling/emotion. 

For some of us, it is easy to confuse the experience of an emotion with a physical state, for example lethargy or tiredness, or a headache. We can be that unskilled at recognizing our emotions when they come up. If that sounds familiar, then consider that your physical symptom is an emotion – what emotion could it be?

2. ‘say it’

We simply and honestly name whatever state we have just recognized without analyzing or judging it. 

3. ‘sense it’

Every intense emotional or mental state causes some kind of physical reaction in the body; a kind of tension or ailment. Find it. Be with it. 

4. ‘stay’

We stay with the sensation of the tension or energy that we have located. If we do not stay with the tension, there can be no release.

If we are able to stay with it, underlying feelings of emotional pain or anxiety may begin to arise. Deeper layers are felt as we realize what is going on underneath the surface level infringement. We need to be compassionate with ourselves to help us to stay present to the feelings. It takes time before we can appreciate the simplicity of experiencing ourselves this way. 

5. ‘relax’

If we have been successful in processes 1-4, we will begin to feel something opening up, and tensions dropping away. We relax. We feel lighter and more awake. 

Or we may experience yet further tensions and anxieties, or else notice the compulsions of former patterns of behaviour.

6. ‘respire’

We allow the process of relaxation to hit/touch our breathing. The more caught up in an emotion we are, the more constricted and shallow our breathing is.

Breathing helps to ground us. 

7. ‘reconnect’

We start to open up perspective again, after the process of experiencing the emotion naturally narrows our periphery vision. And we see and we hear and we sense, internally and externally, with much greater clarity.

If our problem has been with another person, we will not react in the same way we did before. We become aware of how little we know. 

This feels very humbling. When we allow ourselves to ‘not know’, a much more real and immediate relationship becomes possible.

8. ‘reframe’

We reframe what was causing us problems. And we see things with greater objectivity, and discover a way to handle the issue more effectively.

Where we were angry, we can see the fear in the other person and speak to them with greater compassion and acceptance.

And where we feel overwhelm, reconnecting with something more real in ourselves helps to ground us in the reality that we are strong enough. 

9. ‘presence’

Back to point 1. We open to greater presence and increased awareness.


To recap, the key skills to practice are mindfulness, naming, and acceptance. If you start to meet your emotions in this way, your sense of wellbeing will start to improve quite quickly.

Use the 9 step technique, which contains all of these elements, for when you are starting out with this. You do it when you are flooded by an emotion. 

The 9 steps are:

  1. see it
  2. say it
  3. sense it
  4. stay with it
  5. relax into it
  6. breathe
  7. reconnect with the reality 
  8. reframe the experience more objectively
  9. become present again